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The Australian Garden [复制链接]

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发表于 2013-9-29 08:22:39 |显示全部楼层
国家公园景观
按成果: 完成展示 
按国家: 澳大利亚
按时间: 2012 
本主题最后由 Gardener 于 2014-7-28 12:08 编辑

澳洲花园设计 澳大利亚.jpg

The Australian Garden

景观 邻里尺度公园 人造景观 澳大利亚 Taylor Cullity Lethlean + PaulThompson


澳洲花园将澳大利亚景观提炼浓缩至一个场地,力求通过园艺,构建,生态,艺术最大限
度的体现出澳洲之美。澳大利亚辽阔国土上变化多端的景观让有的人喜爱万分,也让有的
人惊异和难以接受。这里,以人类设计的形式展现出那让人崇拜和敬畏的万千景观。

花园主要分为东部和西部,中间一水相隔。水,有时是湖面,有时是河流,有时是瀑布,
有时是浪潮,以各种形态出现在花园中。东部主要是比较正式和规则的人造自然景观,西
部则主要是不规则的人造自然景观。


“Australian’s are surrounded by ocean andambushed from behind by desert – a war of
mysteryon two fronts”
-Land’s Edge, Tim Winton


In a former sand quarry, a new botanic gardenhas been completed, one that allows
visitorsto follow a metaphorical journey of water through the Australian landscape,from
thedesert to the coastal fringe.

Via the artistry of landscape architecture,this integrated landscape brings together
horticulture,architecture, ecology, and art to create the largest botanic garden devoted
toAustralian flora. It seeks, through the design of themed experiences, toinspire
visitorsto see our plants in new ways.

The completion of the Australian Garden comesat a time when Botanic Gardens world-
wideare questioning existing research and recreational paradigms and refocussing on
newmessages of landscape conservation and a renewed interest in meaningful visitor
engagement.

The Australian Garden engages visitors byexpressing the love–hate relationship
Australian’shave with their landscape. It is embraced or shunned by its people, loved
forits sublime beauty or loathed as the cause of hardship. Artists and writershave often
beeninspired to design or write in response to subtle rhythms, flowing forms and
tenaciousflora of our landscape, whilst others have attempted to order the landscape,
andconceive of it as humanly designed form.

At the Australian Garden, these tensions arethe creative genesis of the design,
expressingour reverence and sense of awe, the natural landscape, and our innate
impulseto change it, to make it into a humanly contrived form of beautiful, yet ourown
work.


On the east side of the garden, exhibitiongardens display landscapes, research plots
andforestry arrays that illustrate our propensity to frame and order ourlandscapes in
moreformal manners, whilst on the west, visitors are subsumed by gardens that are
inspiredby natural cycles, immersive landscapes and irregular floristic forms. Water
playsa mediating role between these two conditions, taking visitors from rockpool
escarpments,meandering river bends, melaleuca spits and coastal edges.


花园希望在咫尺天地中重现澳洲广袤风景的迷人魅力,创建出极具宽度性和多样性的人造
雕塑和艺术景观。使用到了各种各样的澳洲植物。

设计不再是模仿,而是一种创造,创新之物唤起人们的惊喜还有联想,从树林,到海洋;
从花园,到沙漠;从山峦,到湖泊,一切抽象隐喻,如诗如歌般展开,富有多层次,
富有多深度。


An Experience

Gardens in Australia have traditionally beenmodeled on European precedents or more
recentlyattempted to recreate the seductive qualities of the Australian landscape. The
AustralianGarden by contrast uses the Australian landscape as its inspiration to create
asequence of powerful sculptural and artistic landscape experiences thatrecognise its
diversity,breadth of scale and wonderful contrasts. Via these creative landscape
compositions,the project seeks to stimulate and educate visitors into the potential use
anddiversity of Australian flora.

Distillation

Visitors engage with the botanical collectionsvia an intrinsically interpretive experience.
Didacticsignage is shunned in favour of a landscape design approach that
communicatesnarratives via experience and immersion. Here, design is a catalyst to
evokequalities of the Australian landscape, via abstraction, distillation andsculpted
experiences.This design approach captures a heightened experience that does not
relyon mimicry, or simulacra.

Designed experiences such as walking across thetangle of a Eucalypt forest floor, or
thepassage through wind pruned coastal heath, is juxtaposed amongst the order
reminiscentof forestry plantations and gardens that evoke the patterns of urbanisation
onour coastal fringe. The botanical collection plays a fundamental supportingrole in
accentuatingthe interpretive experience.

Here the narrative has informed the compositionand the experience reinforces the
message.It aims to strike a balance between abstraction, metaphor and poetry. Not
everyvisitor will take home the same message, as each will have their ownexperience.
Itallows many layers of emotional and intellectual discovery.


Choreography

Walking through the Australian landscape is ajourney of constant weaves, shifts and
jumps.One never travels in a straight line - the flora gets in the way! Thischoreography
ofmovement is captured in the Australian Garden, where visitors are taken on a
distinctlyunconventional journey. Visitors are invited into the landscape via a pathway
systemthat constantly morphs according to the landscape narrative and garden
experience.Crusty paths in the Gondwana Garden shift to become an over water
circulargrated plate which connects to a field of stones where the actual path is no
longerapparent.

Equally as there is not one linear narrative todescribe the Australian landscape, paths
inthe Australian landscape lead visitors on many journeys and many experiences.This
isa garden of discovery, of multiple experiences and of cumulative knowledge.


这里也是世界上最大的澳大利亚植物园,公园收集展示了澳大利亚大量的植物品种,对公
众了解历史,生态,自然,环境还有未来起着重要的作用,同时也在保障世界生物遗产上
发挥了重要性。这些植物没有使用新的进口的外来土壤,而依然使用这个场地前身---砂石
厂的土壤。所有归功于设计团队通过设计,园艺等等方面的知识,选择了可以适应场地土
壤的植物,结果有1700 种共170,000多株植物适合并进驻到这个场地。这些植物不光耐贫
瘠,也可忍耐干旱。

The New Public

As the largest botanic garden devoted to thedisplay of Australian flora, the Australian
Gardenis now host to a vast collection of plants for scientific, educative, and
conservationpurposes. It plays a vital role in helping scientists and the public
understandthe history, present day uses and what the future may hold for plants in
naturaland urban environments. It embraces the importance of biodiversity and our
increasedunderstanding of the need to protect species and ecosystems to safeguard
theworld’s biological heritage.

The Australian Garden also performs anotherrole, one as the new public realm for an
everexpanding city. Messages of biodiversity and sustainability are integrated intoits
roleas a new major visitor destination where not only do visitors come to explorethe
plantcollections but to also be entertained, through interactive workshops, music,
cinema,markets, cafes and play.


A Rehabilitation Strategy

The Australian Garden is located in a formersand quarry that had denuded the
vegetationand exhumed all traces of soil. Rather than importing new soil media, the
designteam, working with horticulturalist and designer, Paul Thompson, questioned
howthe design and selection of flora could respond creatively to this challengingsite
condition.The outcome utilises 170,000 plants across 1700 species all adapted to this
challengingsite condition, with

speciesselected not only for their suitability to low organic media, but also their
adaptationto low water utilisation and drought tolerance.


-Written by Perry Lethlean, Director, Taylor Cullity Lethlean

Awards

• 2009 - International Federation ofLandscape Architects (Asia Pacific Region) Design
ExcellenceAward
• 2008– Australian Institute of Landscape Architects National Award of Design
Excellence
• 2007– Cement Concrete and Aggregates Australia (CCAA) Public Domain Award,Precincts Commendation
• 2007- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects Victoria Overall Landscape
ExcellenceAward
• 2007- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects Victoria Award for Excellence in
Design
• 2006– Australian Institute of Landscape Architects National Merit Award for Designin
LandscapeArchitecture
• 2006– The Australian Tourism Awards for Best New Tourism Development
• 1998- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects National, Project Award, Masterplanning Category
• 1998- Australian Institute of Landscape Architects Victoria Masterplanning Project
Award
• 1997– Australian Institute of Landscape Architects Victoria Overall Landscape
ExcellenceAward


Project Credits

Client: Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne
Location:Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne, Victoria
CompletionDate: stage 1: 2005, stage 2: 2012
Constructionbudget: $11,000,000
Size:40 Hectares
LeadDesign Team: Taylor Cullity Lethlean (TCL) with Paul Thompson
Engineering:Meinhardt
CostPlanning: DCWC
SoilConsultants: Robert van de Graaff Lighting: Barry Webb and AssociatesIrrigation:
IrrigationDesign Consultants Water: Waterforms International
Sculpture–  Ephemeral Lake: Mark Stoner and Edwina Kearney
EscarpmentWall: Greg Clark
Architecture– Visitor Centre: Kerstin Thompson Architects Architecture – Shelter stage
1:Gregory Burgess Architects Architecture – shelter and kiosk stage 2: BKK


MORE:  Taylor Cullity Lethlean + Paul Thompson

http://www.tcl.net.au/




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