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2011ASLA专业奖{21}规划设计荣誉奖 [复制链接]

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发表于 2013-3-18 18:13:33 |显示全部楼层
教育区景观
按类别:  大学 
按国家: 美洲国家 » 美国
按成果: 方案效果阶段 完成展示 奖项获得 
按时间: 2010 
本主题最后由 Gardener 于 2014-7-28 11:35 编辑

   2011ASLA专业奖{21}规划设计荣誉奖

关键词:景观 邻里尺度 大学校园 校园景观 历史文脉 文化景观 自然景观 美国 Hoerr Schaudt Landscape Architects

校园景观 (10).jpg


This dignified, sensitiveplan looks at cultural landscapes as a need. It’s interesting to

see a different approach tocampus planning. The diversity of site types, from historical

to towers, is achinglybeautiful. The level of planning is perfect, it takes the approach of

knitting the campustogether. They aren’t trying to do more than they need to do.”

2011 Professional AwardsJury

“文化景观在这个庄严微妙的规划中是必要。用不同的方法规划校园十分有趣。场地类

型从古建到新塔楼,多样而美丽。完美的编织式规划,同时未有任何余缛。”

2011年专业奖评审委员会


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UNC Campus Boundaries 学校范围


Remarkably, the oldestpublic university in the country has preserved an exceptional

legacy of natural featuresand magnificent ancient trees within its campus. This

planning study aims toenhance these attributes not by superimposing dramatic

change, but by carefullyrevealing character-defining features and relationships that are

historically, ecologically,and culturally significant within five designated sites. The

proposed interventions areexamples of the power of subtlety and restraint. By avoiding

complete uniformity, thesuggested strategies honor the depth of the campus's heritage

even as they steward andguide long-term change.


值得关注,保留了全美最古老公立大学中的参天古树与自然遗产。并未对其大刀阔斧

的改变而是增加其原有特色,揭示历史,文化,生态还有与人的关联。干预措施微妙

且克制。建议策略尊重校园遗产,避免单一化,注重长远管理和变化。

记录,分析,诠释UNC大学校园的悠久历史演变核心,其很大一部分被相关教授和管

理者继承,但这次是第一次由景观设计师沿袭内敛的核心进行设计。大学在面对未来

的发展,需要全面的重新评估校园。

研究开发了5个景观指导原则,每个都争对校园的一个历史时期。通过全面的调查文

化,自然和优美的风景,确定了每个时期物质和文化演变过程中最重要的标示。共有

5个能代表校园个性的地标景观:麦克科尔景,波尔克广场,森林剧场,凯南体育

场,摩尔黑的帕特森钟楼花园。他们独立重要,如同交响乐般完美交织共同形成校园

的体验,展示校园独一无二的历史,名胜还有自然。

规划小组成员背景多种多样:有校园历史保护主义者,施工人员,景观设计师,历史

保护主义者,原生植物专家,树种/土壤顾问,大学档案员。小组成员亲密无间的合

作,共同确立5个代表性景观场地。研究建立在文化自然优美风貌基础之上注重发

展,雨水管理,环境规划,景观遗产和植被多样性。

研究的影响显著而广泛,促进了几个校园项目的诞生,包括校园树木指南地图;林木

再生计划;土壤改良;在波尔克广场房子新的校友纪念碑纪念校友Eve Carson;最后

还举办了以树木观赏为主题的展览。

这个规划从多角度去考虑文化,美学,自然历史景观,是历史悠久大学未来发展的规

划典范,也证明了最重要但却被忽略的因素---景观的意义。

5大指导原则

建立在新的基础上:通过学校的决策整合文化,风景名胜,自然景观。

尊重:考虑整个校园景观(文化,风景名胜,自然景观)的保护和管理。

识别性:标示性的校园景观,也通过它们也让人类认识到校园的历史文脉。

整合市民意见:尊重和考虑它们的建议,并将其融合到宏观的文化背景之下。

传承历史:保存和展示历史上重要的文化特征,再让其适应变化。


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UNC Historic Core: FiveEras  五个核心区域


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UNC History: Evolution of aLandscape Legacy  景观演变历史


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Project GuidingPrinciples  项目指导原则


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McCorkle Place: Summary ofRecommendations  麦克科尔场地的建议摘要

校园景观 (9).jpg

McCorkle Place: IllustratedRecommendations  麦克科尔场地的视觉意向


校园景观.jpg

Polk Place: Summary ofRecommendations 波尔克场地的建议摘要


校园景观 (5).jpg

Polk Place: IllustratedRecommendation  波尔克场地的视觉意向


校园景观 (6).jpg

Bell Tower Formal Garden:Summary of Recommendations  钟楼花园的建议摘要


校园景观 (12).jpg

Bell Tower Formal Garden:Illustrated Recommendation  钟楼花园的视觉意向


校园景观 (4).jpg

Kenan Woods: Summary ofRecommendations  体育场森林的建议摘要


校园景观 (1).jpg

Kenan Woods: ReforestationStrategy   体育场森林的再生林策略


校园景观 (13).jpg

Kenan Woods: IllustratedRecommendation  体育场森林的视觉意向


校园景观 (14).jpg

Forest Theatre: Summary ofRecommendations  森林剧场的建议摘要


校园景观 (15).jpg

Forest Theatre: IllustratedRecommendation  森林剧场的视觉意向


The Dignity of Restraintrepresents a first effort on the part of the University to

document, analyze, andinterpret the evolution of the designed landscape of the historic

core of the UNC campus,which, though largely preserved by a series of concerned

professors andadministrators, was never guided by a landscape architect. In the face

of recent and projectedgrowth, the University sought to assess its campus more

comprehensively.

This study developed aseries of guiding principles to analyze five landmark

landscapes, each of whichrepresent a significant era of the campus's landscape

history. To document theevolution of physical and cultural change over these time

periods, while identifyingsignificant surviving fabric from each, the design team

examined the landscapethrough a series of cultural, natural and scenic 'lenses.' Five

landmark landscapes:McCorkle Place, Polk Place, Forest Theatre, Kenan Stadium

Morehead-Patterson BellTower Formal Garden, embody the unique character of

campus and are the areas ofdetailed focus for this study. Each of these landscapes is

significant in its ownright and as part of a larger scenographic ensemble that

collectively contribute tothe UNC campus experience. Knitting together the whole in a

symphonic, common language,elucidated by the detailed recommendations for five

distinct sites within theUniversity's historic core, this plan outlines strategies specific to

each site, utilizing theguiding principles described below to reveal the historical,

scenic, and botanicalsignificance of this landmark campus.

The composition of theplanning team was unusually broad in its expertise. Comprised

of the campus historicpreservationist, facilities and grounds staff, a landscape

architect, a historicpreservationist, a native plant specialist, a forester, a tree/soil

consultant, and theuniversity archivist, the team's close collaboration ensured that each

'lens' through which thefive sites were evaluated (cultural, natural and scenic ) were

represented by aknowledgeable advocate.

The study builds on anumber of prior studies that were separately focused on

expansion, stormwatermanagement, environmental planning, landscape heritage and

plant diversity. It is thefirst report to integrate earlier documentation and analysis

through the lens of ashared value system — placing equal emphasis on cultural,

natural, and scenicattributes of the campus landscape into a single document. The

study was possible througha grant from the Getty Foundation Campus Heritage

Program.

The impact of the study issignificant and varied. Several projects on campus have

been born: a tree guidetitled "UNC's Noble Grove: A Walking Tour of Campus Trees"

was developed to educatecampus visitors on the University's noble tree landscape

through maps, linedrawings, and descriptive text. The Kenan Woods Forest

Regeneration Project takesthe primary recommendations offered in the Dignity of

Restraint and puts theminto action — developing a reforestation strategy that employs

a step-by-step approachcentered upon immediate and annual planting strategies,

consistent maintenance, andsoil amendment / analysis to ensure that the historic

woodland character of KenanWoods is maintained and enhanced into the future.

Additionally, the design ofa new memorial to former student Eve Carson, placed within

Polk Place, follows recommendationsin the plan to integrate dedications and

memorials into the historiclandscape. Finally, in 2010, the UNC library developed an

exhibit based on the studyand tree guide called "Noble Trees: Traveled Paths: The

Carolina Landscape Since1793."

This plan is a model forfuture historic campus planning efforts that seek to evaluate the

significance of historiclandscapes from multiple perspectives — cultural, aesthetic and

naturalistic. It is also anexample of how to assess the significance of a campus from

the perspective of its mostdominant yet under-appreciated element — its landscape.

Five Guiding Principles

Building on New Foundations— Integrate cultural, scenic, and natural values into the

University's decisionmaking process.

Quest for Dignity —Consider the impact on the whole to safeguard and manage the

cultural, scenic andnatural values of the campus landscape.

Recognition for theUniqueness — Balance the site-specific design requirements of

iconic campus landscapefeatures while understanding the spaces within their

historical landscapecontext.

Integration of Civic Intent— Retain and honor both the civic ambition of patronage and

insure its carefulintegration into the larger cultural landscape

Respect and Honor theLegacy — Preserve and reveal character-defining features that

are historicallysignificant while accommodating change.



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