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Park Supermarket / van Bergen Kolpa Architecten [复制链接]

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发表于 2012-10-23 08:22:58 |显示全部楼层
国家公园景观
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按国家: 欧洲国家 » 荷兰
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本主题最后由 Gardener 于 2014-7-28 10:30 编辑

农业规划景观 (18).jpg

Park Supermarket / van Bergen Kolpa Architecten

关键词:景观 农业 公园 经济 社会 荷兰 植物 农作物 van Bergen Kolpa Architecten  

  

Client: the Province of South Hollandand Stroom The Hague

Project: Foodprint 2009-2011 'Voedsel voor de Stad'

Location: Midden Delfland

Programme: 1600 hectares of Landscape Supermarket

Landscape and ecology advice: Alterra Wageningen UR, Vincent Kuypers

Model: Werkplaats Vincent de Rijk

Planning: research 2009, design 2010-11, construction 2012

Park Supermarket is a spatial development model for a Landscape Supermarket situated in the

Metropolitan parks of the Randstad. The Dutch polder landscapes, once the icons of our food

production, are now situated in inner city locations and are under pressure of rising water tables

and climate changes. Can these areas play a new role in food and recreation need of in the

Randstad population which today knows 170 different nationalities, food and culinary traditions?

The Park Supermarket has been set up around a sustainable balance involving food production,

trade and logistics and its Randstad consumers and is projected in the agrarian park landscape

of the Randstad. On good accessible locations like Midden Delfland and based on underlying soil

types (peat and clay), new climate zones (moderate, mediterranean and tropical) and raised

water levels an entirely new landscape is introduced where the contents of a contemporary

supermarket are cultivated and sold. Each department knows its characteristic growing conditions

and product types such as Pandan-en Risotto rise on water terraces, Tilapia fish in basins and

kiwi' s and avocados along undulating fruit walls. The climate household of the outdoor

supermarket is supported by old techniques such as warmth accumulating snake walls and more

contemporary solutions as insulating water spray 'roofs' and floor heating on the basis of thermal

warmth.

Prompted by the growing demand for recognizable food, Park Supermarket is directly involving

city dwellers from all cultures in food production, which stimulates local economies and

entrepreneurship. Because of its set up in small plots of one hectare each Park Supermarket is

able grow with the need for diversity of food of the consumer and the renewing insights in

agrarian techniques. The plots can be rented and managed by entrepreneurs in a cooperative

form and by city dwellers. The produce is sold in the market buildings.

The combination of open space and entrepreneurship, of consumption and recreation can thus

be central to the development of the Randstad Metropolitan Park landscape in the 21st century.

  

公园超市是位于Metropolitan公园里的风景式超市空间。荷兰独特的圩田粮食生产景观就坐落在这里,承受着水位的变化及其气候的变迁。如今,他们能否涉足170个国家,不同食品和传统,在饮食界焕发出新的作用,并为当地人们提供娱乐呢?

在规划中,公园的食品从生产,交易以及物流都为当地消费者量身打造,并可以可持续性发展。垃圾箱具有非常良好的可达性,方便生产堆肥。基层土壤类型为泥炭及粘土的混合,具有适合三种气候带(温带,地中海,热带)的环境,并通过提高水位形成全新的景观,这些都是为了超市的作物,生长,以及出售。每部分都有特定的生长条件和相应的产品类型。丹班稻米种在水田里,罗非鱼在低地中,猕猴桃还有鳄梨种植在起伏的水果墙上。同时在保留一些老技术比如蛇形采暖墙的同时也使用到了更现代的技术手段:上侧喷灌以及地热采暖。

在对食物需求增长的今天,此举将直接促进当地居民的经济和创业。因为公园面积不大,所以超市力求多样化品种以及先进的农业技术。这个地块可以出租给与城镇居民达成协作关系的企业来进行管理。农产品就在市场上的建筑物内出售。

开放的空间将创业和消费娱乐结合起来,期望可以成为当下Metropolitan公园景观发展的核心方向。

MORE:

van Bergen Kolpa Architecten

http://www.vanbergenkolpa.nl   


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